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养蜂科学饲喂

The Use of Formic Acid

2019年04月14日 10时03分57秒 来源: 互联网
导读:This is from a work made by Ingemar Fries in 1989 Sixty-four honey bee colonies infected vith Varroa in six different apiaries were exposed to seven different treatments in accordance with the table IMP= Illertisser Milbe

This is from a work made by Ingemar Fries in 1989.

Sixty-four honey bee colonies infected vith Varroa in six different apiaries were exposed to seven different treatments in accordance with the table.

IMP= Illertisser Milbenplatten containing 14,2 g waterfree FA. 20 g, 30 g,= dosage of free FA applied on fibre material in an 85% water solution. Intervals in days, and number of treatments.

Treatment

Number of colonies

Agent

Dose, grams

Interval and number of treatment

Place of application

Distance form combs, mm

A

20

IMP

56,8

1×4

Under combs

70

B

9

IMP

56,8

4×4

Under combs

70

C

7

IMP

56,8

1×4

Above combs

10

D

10

IMP

42,6

1×3

Under combs

10

E

5

20 ml

81,3

1×4

Under combs

70

F

5

30 ml

121,9

1×4

Under combs

70

G

8

20 ml

81,3

1×4

Under combs

10

The colonies were treated, with brood present, early in the morning in late August with temps varying from +14 to +18 C. The results from treatment were estimated by counting the mite downfall within 12 days after treatment. 12 days were used since sealed brood will hatch within that peroid and the effect of FA on mites inside the brood cells will be included. In late October, in broodless condition, all colonies were treated with Perizin and the mite downfall counted. The total mite population was estimated after a 95% efficiency of Perizin treatment.

Treatment

Downfall FA

Downfall Perizin

Effect %

A

965.8±201,7

463.6±130.3

63.9±6.1

B

596.9±111.3

421.2±125.6

61.4±6.9

C

2149.1±440.9

217.9±57.7

90.2±3.0

D

392.8±43.3

22.4±4.7

94.5±1.0

E

364.2±190.6

43.2±21.1

84.7±5.6

F

1098.0±592.0

11.0±4.1

96.6±1.6

G

2028.4±491.0

64.1±17.4

96.3±1.1

Treatment A and B did not differ significantly, but both were less effective than all other treatments. No significant differences were seen between treating from above (C) or from below (D), or between treating colonies every day (A) or every fourth day (B) using the same doses and distance in both comparisons.

A simple analysis shows that both the doses and the distance of application from the combs significantly influenced the results.

Possible effects from treatment on queen losses were studied in 91 separate colonies that were on a long time experiment with FA. In the 91 colonies where the presence of the queen was investigated after 4 treatments with IMP, 5 colonies had lost their queen (5,5%), probably due to the treatment.

1599
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